tarpn_logo
 home    builders    Search

buildersPower Supply and Backup ➜ Power Supplies

Power Supplies

This page is about a power supply which is not made for ham radio equipment. However, they are inexpensive, and are readily available. If you are building a TARPN node, then read on.

Disclaimer: This page is about power supplies. You can hurt yourself or burn down buildings working with power supplies. Pay attention to what you are doing and learn the effects of everything we're talking about here. If you don't have full confidence in and understanding of what you are doing, you can make a mistake which can hurt things and you can be hurt. If you read any further, you are taking full responsibility for the results. All of the information presented here could be wrong. You can be killed. You have been warned.

Make sure you install a fuse between the supply and your wiring such that the fuse will go out before your wiring melts or catches fire. All power supplies capable of running an entire multi-port node also have the ability to source enough energy that you can ignite a house fire. For instance, if a radio's protection diode shorts, you will have current flowing from the power supply, through all of the wires and connectors and lug-strips between the supply and the radio.
Heat generated can be up to 1200 watts over a very short piece of electronics. Fuse for the limitations of your circuit, not the limitations of the supply! Feel free to use fuses in more than several places.


Surplus HP Power Supply — —  >60 amps for between $25 and $90 depending on the market

The HP power supply, used for Prolient servers??, is clearly of expensive make. It is audibly quieter than the cheap LED supply many hams have been buying and has a boatload more current capacity at 60 amps or more. Off the shelf the supply is rated for 12V output. It can be adjusted to about 12.5 volts. A modification will bring its voltage up.
The unmodified supply costed about $25 delivered when we started using them. They have been driven up by Bit-Coin miners.
The AC power connector is a standard computer/test-equipment grounded cable.

There is a modification which has been performed by 4 different people in our Raleigh NC capital district network group. We've modified about 60 of the power supplies successfully to acheive 14.2v output which is required to float charge the gel-cel through a diode switch.
The supply isn't totally acoustically quiet but it is certainly acoustically quieter than your average PC. It is definitely better than the cheapo LED power supplies supply.
The DC connection on mine is made by soldering a lug to the wide edge connector for DC- and for DC+. I then ran the 60-amp DC feed to a large lug strip (make sure it is rated for high current!) and then separately fused three sets of equipment with 25 amp fuses. The point of the fuse is to make sure that no wire is ever made to carry more current than it is designed for. If one of the radios shorts out, you don't want 700 watts of energy to be bringing it to a boil!.

Note that the modification to the HP supply does require some decent soldering and hacking techniques.
If you would like to consult with engineers, machinists and electricians, we have such who are in our group and who read the TARPN groups-io email reflector. Send an email to the reflector and talk about what you have in mind. Please restrict these queries to help in building a TARPN class packet network or set of TARPN nodes.

2014_i6_03992

The supply, unmodified, provides 12v at high current to the HP server computer. Out of the server the supply won't even turn on unless we do some modifications.
2014_i6_03996 Click to enlarge.
There are two modifications made to the supply. A modification gives us a handy connection point for the 12v output and turns on the power supply. Both of these mods are needed because the supply won't be plugged into the server it was designed for.
The modification needed to make the supply work outside of its normal Server rack are to solder a resister across two pads on the edge card connector. The resistor value can be from your junk-box and doesn't require a specific value though it should be between 300 ohms and 1K ohms. In the left hand resistor in the photo, between the small pins of the edge connector, the resistor is providing a logic high so the supply thinks it is inserted into its Server rack cage.
The photos show both a resistor and a capacitor between the -V and +V output terminals. These parts have been shown to not be particularly valuable, though one ham familiar with the supply added those parts to supplies he was modifying. Your author here is not familiar with the design so I'm standing on the shoulders of somebody who is probably really uncomfortable (because I'm heavy).
2014_i6_03996 2014_i6_03991 2014_i6_03993
The part used in the above photo for attaching the DC wires is a TERM SCREW VERT SNAP-IN PC MNT. Digikey 7693K-ND
Another modification to bring output voltage from 12.5v to 14.1v involved adding two resistors internally. TARPN node builders should contact me directly for more details. If you are local to one of the existing TARPN network clusters, or within driving distance, we'd prefer to do the mods in quantity. Getting together for a Saturday lunch is a good thing.
2015_02_HP_node_power_supply_i6_04427x212
In the above node cabinet, the HP supply is attached to the box with velcro and then tie-wraps to keep it tight. The fan blows hot air out from the supply so it should be on the top. Since the DC output cables are soldered down, they are strain reliefed under the tie wraps so they won't wiggle when bumped or transported.

The AC cord, which is a standard PC cable, is cut and clamped into the electrical box. This makes sure the power supply doesn't get yanked if the cord is pulled. Also this gives a handy place to turn the node rack on and off.

Another thing that might be done is to glue wood trim pieces around the supply so it can't wiggle, and then tie wrap it in. This might feel more rigid than velcro while still enabling the supply to be removed by cutting the tie wraps.


Use this Powerwerx $20 fuse block for distributing power from the HP supply -- and maybe for the LED supply.
#10-32 stud. 25A max per output, 100A max per block

My new plan is to use a
10 pole #8 ring terminal barrier strip and #8 ring terminals for ground distribution. I run the heavy wire from the V- negative side of the HP supply to a ring terminal on the barrier strip, then take that same terminal and run copper #14 solid core down that side of the barrier strip, around each of the screws. Now the other side of the barrier strip has terminals for 10 ground connections.

The V+ positive side of the power supply goes to the fuse block.

Powerpole connections: I connect an 18 gauge red/black cord from a powerpole plug. Run the red side to the fuse block and the black side to the barrier strip, using the #8 ring terminals for each.
Alternate plan is to use a ground bar like the one shown in the bottom pic for V- connection.

Now I have six fused power-pole connections to go to the radios or TNCs (like KPC-3, MFJ-1280b, DRSI-9600 etc)

SKIP node is up using this new plan. Photo at the bottom.

Amazon
Fuse Block

powerwerx_fuse_block_FB-06_lrg
Parts Express
Barrier Strip

2015_terminal_strip_i6_04062
Parts Express
50 pack of ring terminals

2015_num8_ring_terminals_i6_04061
From Lowes, Square D Load Center Ground Bar Kit, Item #: 67699 | Model #: PK7GTACP lowes_square_D_ground_bar_kit_047569517327
Red Black 'zip cord' wire, < $50 for 500'

zip_cord

If that link doesn't work: see phone Number
Photo on the right shows power distribution using the fuse box, ground bar and PowerPole connectors with the HP power supply. 2015_04_i6_10038_power_distro

Back one page there is a link to a circuit for providing battery backed-up 5V to the Raspberry PI.
Robust Power for Raspberry PI
backup_power_diodes600
© Tadd Torborg, 2014↝2019 -- all rights reserved